FAILING: Do you understand tyre eco labels?
Economy ratings on tyre labels are not informative enough, research by Emissions Analytics has suggested.
Preliminary tests have shown that, at certain speeds, tyres with a lower efficiency rating can perform as well as higher-rated tyres.
This means consumers opting for tyres with a higher efficiency rating may fail to notice any fuel savings, depending on the nature and type of route they typically drive.
Nick Molden, Founder and CEO of Emissions Analytics, said that tests found that at mid-range speeds, F-rated tyres can perform as well as B-rated tyres.
This, he said, proved the relationship between rolling resistance and fuel economy is not linear.
Evaluating contrasting sets of F and B rated tyres (175/70 R14) on the road, Emission Analytics’ test route incorporated a range of steady-state speeds from 40mph to 70mph on tarmac in consistent ambient temperatures.
The tests employed the same test vehicle with the same driver.
Overall, the B-rated tyre delivered superior performance in the 40-70mph range, by an average of 3.8% mpg and 3.4% less CO2.
There proved little difference at mid-range speeds, but a performance gap became evident at 55mph, and by 70mph fuel economy improved by 12.9%.
This means that opting for B-rated tyres is unlikely to produce a fuel saving if journeys are mainly confined to urban routes, Emissions Analytics claimed.
In contrast, opting for the same tyres and covering a substantial amount of motorway miles could produce a noticeable improvement.
Introduced in November 2012, the EU’s mandated tyre label includes a test-bench-measured, rolling-resistance coefficient expressed as a fuel efficiency rating.
However, Emissions Analytics claim better testing and modelling would allow private and fleet buyers to make informed choices and select the tyres that will deliver a tangible fuel saving.
Market research also reinforces that the current mandatory tyre labelling system is not proving effective.
A report compiled by the National Tyre Distributors Association (NTDA) and LANXESS found that one year after their introduction 93% of tyre retailers stated customers never or only occasionally requested information on the label.
In addition only 30% knew that tyre choice could affect fuel consumption.